Size and Bore Diameter: The size and bore diameter of hydraulic cylinders are fundamental specifications.
The bore diameter determines the cylinder's capacity to generate force. In snowplow applications, cylinders with larger bore diameters are preferred as they can provide more power for pushing heavy snow loads.
Stroke Length: The stroke length refers to the maximum distance the cylinder's piston can travel from its fully retracted position to its fully extended position. Snowplow hydraulic cylinders typically have a specific stroke length that is optimized for the plow's range of motion and desired lifting height.
Working Pressure: The working pressure rating of a hydraulic cylinder defines the maximum pressure it can safely withstand. Snowplow hydraulic cylinders must be designed to handle the hydraulic pressure generated by the plow's hydraulic system. Typical working pressures for snowplow cylinders range from 2,000 to 3,000 psi (pounds per square inch).
Material: The choice of material for the cylinder body and piston rod is crucial for durability and resistance to harsh environmental conditions. Common materials include high-strength steel or corrosion-resistant alloys to ensure longevity in snowy and corrosive environments.
Seal Types: Hydraulic cylinders require seals to prevent fluid leakage and maintain hydraulic pressure. Snowplow cylinders often use high-quality seals, such as O-rings or lip seals, designed to withstand low temperatures and exposure to moisture and debris.
Mounting Style: The mounting style of a snowplow hydraulic cylinder is important for compatibility with the plow system.
Common mounting styles include clevis mounts, cross-tube mounts, and tang mounts. The choice of mounting style should ensure secure attachment to the plow frame.
Rod End and Base End Configurations: The rod end and base end configurations of the cylinder determine how it connects to other components within the snowplow system. These configurations may include threaded connections, clevis pins, or other attachment methods, depending on the specific plow design.
Cylinder Speed: The speed at which the hydraulic cylinder extends and retracts is critical for efficient snowplow operation. The cylinder's speed can be controlled through the hydraulic system and is often adjustable to meet varying snow removal requirements.
Temperature Rating: Snowplow hydraulic cylinders must be able to perform reliably in cold winter conditions. Therefore, they should have a temperature rating that ensures proper functionality even in sub-zero temperatures. Special seals and materials may be used to enhance low-temperature performance.
Corrosion Protection: Snowplow hydraulic cylinders are exposed to salt, moisture, and other corrosive elements during snow removal operations. Adequate corrosion protection measures, such as surface coatings or plating, should be in place to extend the cylinder's lifespan.